Rose Types

Rock Roses

Rock roses belong to the Cistaceae family. Many plants belonging to this family are grown for ornamental purposes, especially plants belonging to the genera Helianthemum, Cistus, and Halimium. These plants are treasured because they can survive on low water and poor soil. In fact, despite poor conditions, they have large and colorful flowers. Most garden shops exhibit rock roses in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes from which gardeners can take their pick.

Rock roses are a set of colorful plants from the Mediterranean region. Despite their origin most of the common varieties are hardy and resistant. Best results are obtained when they are grown in soil that is drained properly and the plant is a put in a warm position.

When the flowers open they resemble a flat disc. Some measure up to 10 cm or 4 inches in size. The disc usually comprises five petals. Colors range from pure white to pink to reddish purple.

Plants that belong to this family have a number of traits in common, such as simple and hairy leaves, extensively bifurcating stems, and short-term and showy flowers with tissue-like petals. The shrubs could lie close to the ground and be extensive or could tend to be more bushy and stand upright, as per the discretion and desire of the individual gardener, the colors could also be from varieties of white, pink, yellow, red, or multicolored, yet again that depends on the type of rockrose that is under cultivation. If you observe a rock rose bush from a slight distance it is seen to bear a striking similarity to a rose bush. Therein, perhaps, lies a similarity of name.

Rock rose bushes are tremendously resilient, flourishing in meager soils and surroundings with low water. They have the capacity to make a quick recovery from the ravages of fire, and they can also put up with excessive quantities of salt from ocean spray. These qualities make rock roses admirable options for the coarser zones of the garden, and they usually come into view in low water gardens because not only are they ornamental but they also make do with minimum watering. In areas where rock roses occur in the wild, they quickly become the dominant species, since they can displace all other species thanks to their ability for swift expansion and their robust natures.

The continents in which rock roses occur widely are Europe, parts of Africa, North America, and South America. A number of these wild species are also nurtured in gardens, and many people have come up with techniques like unique hybrids with aesthetically superior aspects and qualities. If you want to begin long-term cultivation of rock roses in your garden then you have to be prepared to fight a war against these flowers or otherwise your garden shall consist of nothing else. Since, they can take over the entire garden, if not controlled; therefore, plant the rock roses in a zone that allows a lot of space. Let them sprawl out and create a rich and fulfilling foliage of green. Trim them when they start to encroach on the other plants in your garden.  

You can never really go wrong with rock roses. As per species they are more resilient in specific USDA zones that on an average range from four to eight. Since they have made a specialty of flourishing on the worst places plant them in the harshest region of your garden, you can even neglect them. However, a sunny part is also very good because warm weather allows them to emit a delicate fragrance that is characteristic. Many people find this slight scent quite pleasant and agreeable.