Rose Types

Noisette Roses

Noisette roses, something that all may not be well familiar with, are closely related to Chinas. The optimum use of these is made as climbers. Producing mid-sized very fragrant double to very double varieties, repeat blooming Noisettes may not fit in perfectly in our climate due to its nature of growing late in the season. Importantly, this makes them exposed to winter damage. The origin of noisette roses reminds the history of John Champney, a rice farmer in Charleston South Carolina, who once received 'Old Blush' ('Parson's Pink China') from his neighbor Philippe Noisette.  

It was in the early 1800's that Philippe Noisette came to Charleston from France via Haiti and later on, he became the superintendent of the South Carolina Medical Society's Botanical Garden despite the fact that the horticulturist made up his family in France. A large area, later known as the Noisette farm, was bought in order to use it as an area for gardens and a nursery. 

Having received the 'Old Blush' from Philippe Noisette, John Champney crossed it with Rosa moschata and the outcome of this was the fact that 'Champney's Pink Cluster' (1802), a key contribution from an American grower to the rose family, set in. In return to the 'Old Blush' given by Philippe Noisette, John Champney endowed him with the seedlings of 'Champney's Pink Cluster'. Sowing the seeds of 'Champney's Pink Cluster', Philippe Noisette lived up to the job of producing 'Blush Noisette' that he later sent to his brother in France in the year 1814. One must know the fact that this was the history wherefrom the trend of breeding a group of roses known as the Noisettes came in. In his scholarly work The Rose Amateur's Guide, Thomas Rivers wrote about such roses that no other new roses were ever admired like this. Moreover, he opines that the Parisian amateurs were quite mesmerized with it largely due to the fact that its habit was very peculiar as compared to any other known variety. Well, it became so popular that in the year1821, Redouté painted 'Blush Noisette' under the name Rosa noisettiana. Moreover, a botanist of well repute, Claude-Antoine Thory also gave a clarification of this kind of rose. 

It was a perfect blending of the broad, shrubby habit, and scented large clusters of the Musk Roses and of the larger flowers, pink color and continuous blooming pattern of the Chinas that the early Noisettes were all about. Noisettes have a varied range of colors; although, 'Blush Noisette' is simply blush colored. An interesting thing to denote is that the process of crossing 'Blush Noisette' with 'Park's Yellow China', employed by as many as 1825 French rose breeders with a view to have yellow Noisettes, has endowed us with many beauties. Tea-Noisettes were the outcome of the crossing of Noisettes and Teas and according to William Paul the subtle tea colors gave a different flavor with smaller and less elegant trusses. Greater substance and a sweeter fragrance are the catchwords of Tea-Noisettes, says Ethelyn Emery Keays. Moreover, having no frost or chill, Tea-Noisettes are amongst the beautiful roses that you can find in warmer climates.