Rose Types

Grandifloras - rewrite

If you like big and showy blooms then Grandifloras are the roses for you. The first of it's kind was the Queen Elizabeth, invented in 1954, a cross between a Hybrid Tea and a Floribunda.

The Queen Elizabeth rose represented the desire to produce a 'different rose' that would have long stems, large showy blooms and pointed buds that would also be hardy.

Living up to their name, the Grandifloras grow tall with large flowers, on single stems and in gigantic clusters. Making great cut flowers, these roses have a long history of being required at weddings, in bouquets or a single rose in a long stemmed vase on the table.

Golden Medal - These medium yellow blooms with a hint of pink are mildly fragrant and show repeat flushes throughout the season. With 30 to 40 petals per flowers, and 4.5" across, this rose is very showy at 6 feet tall. It has been referred to as the best rose produced in the 1980's. Very disease resistant, you should dead head for best results. Hardy to zone 7.

John S. Armstrong - Deep velvet red flowers with 48 petals per bloom have a mild fragrance. Medium height with good repeat shows with typical rose care, this rose makes a great cut flower that is long lasting. Heat tolerant. Hardy to zone 7.

Kathy Wade - Medium sized yellow and pink blended blooms, this rose is a true Canadian bred rose bush for the northern climate. The blooms have a fruity fragrance and fades with age to a white color with pink spots and stripes. Very easy to grow, 'Kathy Wade' blooms in flushes throughout the season with regular rose care. Hardy to zone 4.

Mount Shasta - Ideal for wedding bouquets, these large 5" blooms of pure white have 20 - 25 petals in each flower. With some fragrance, they are one of the best white roses available. Unusual long-stemmed gray-green foliage, this rose is named for it's height and makes an excellent cutting flower. A grand display will be shown in the garden with basic rose care and feeding. Hardy to zone 5.

Ole - Double, high centred flowers in orange-red make a great landscaping feature as this rose grows to 4 feet tall. With 50 petals per flower, it is moderately fragrant and blooms in flushes throughout the season. Repeat blooms and vigorous rounded growth make this a great addition to your garden. Hardy to zone 6.

Queen Elizabeth - Marking her ascension to the throne in 1952, this very popular rose is tall and can grow to between 5 and 10 feet. With 38 petals per flower, the blooms are high centered and double. Easy to grow, it makes an excellent cut-flower. Hardy to zone 5.

Tournament of Roses - Blooming in repeat flushes throughout the season, this tall and vigorous rose is great for bedding or border. A good parade of blooms shows from summer until fall. These medium pink blooms have no fragrance. Hardy to zone 4.

Waikiki - Repeating it's flushes quickly with clusters of large pink roses, this grandiflora is easy to grow and heat tolerant. With a spicy rose fragrance, this rose likes regular feedings. Hardy to zone 4.

Warm Wishes - With an average diameter of 5.5", these orange-cream premium roses are born freely throughout the season. Growing 3 to 5 feet tall, these high centered blooms are exhibition quality and mildly fragrant. Hardy to zone 5.



Grandifloras combine the vigor and blooming ability of floribundas with the beautiful blooms and long stems of hybrid teas. This is not a surprising combination since they resulted from crosses between the two groups. Their vigorous growth habit makes them more satisfactory garden subjects than hybrid teas.

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Grandifloras are roses that tend to bloom throughout the season.
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Description of grandifloras: Grandifloras are tall-growing roses, often reaching 5 feet or more in height even in harsh climates. They are sturdy, upright-growing plants that are generally well-clothed in large, shiny leaves similar to the leaves of hybrid teas. They bear clusters of large flowers that, in the best cultivated varieties, are as attractive in both bud and bloom as hybrid teas, although often not as perfumed. Grandifloras generally bloom continually over the flowering season rather than in bursts.

Planting grandifloras: Space about 2 to 3 feet apart in cold climates, 4 feet in warm ones.

Grandifloras special needs: Grandifloras are generally hardier than hybrid teas and suffer less from winter kill. Nevertheless, they require full winter protection in cold regions. Remove faded flowers to ensure continual bloom. Although their tall stems may suggest a need for staking, they are self-supporting.

Propagating grandifloras: Grandifloras are best purchased as grafted plants, although some grow fairly well on their own roots from cuttings.

Uses for grandifloras: Their tall size makes grandifloras perfect choices for the back of the rose bed. Their long stems make excellent cut flowers.

Grandifloras related varieties: Arizona, bronze; Love, red and cream; Prominent, orange; Queen Elizabeth, medium pink; Sonia, pink blend; Sundowner, copper.