Rose Types

Floribunda Roses 

For containers and borders, there is nothing better than floribunda roses. Floribunda roses (in Latin meaning "many-flowered") are a modern group of garden roses developed by crossing hybrid teas with polyantha roses, with polyantha roses being derived from crosses between China roses and Hybrid Teas. The concept was inspired by the attempt to create roses that were of an abundant blooming habit but still able to maintain striking beauty in many colours. The colour of these roses do indeed strike the eye and they sway about very freely (even moreso than the hybrid tea). In the zones 4-9, they grow lower yet are hardy as well.

The main difference between the hybrid tea flowers and the floribundas is that the the hybrid teas produce a simgle bloom per branch where the floribundas bears their flowers in big clusters having multiple blooms, which simultaneously open up in every truss. They are usually not as perfectly shaped as the hybrid teas are, and they may either be single, semi or fully double blooms. Besides, they are also quite tolerant and vigorous compared to the hybrid teas. The bloom production by them is more, and it happens over a large time frame. They are scented, and come in many varieties as well.  

Planting a Floribunda

Roses require an open area and a good soil with enough organic matter. For planting a whole rose bed, buying them bare rooted during the months of November to March would make sense as they cost less at that time. After buying them, the roots should be sunk deep inside a water bucket for soaking. Don't let them dry. 

Prior to planting, the roots should be pruned to about 8-10 inches. Though it may seem strange to do so, it is a good method. It accounts for growth of new roots, mainly the fibrous one. The watering and feeding of any plant, however, is done by the hairy roots. The woody roots are just present for anchoring the plants when they are in the ground. 

Floribundas have to be about 45m to 60m apart. After cultivating the ground and adding manure and other organic matter to it, a wide hole must be dug which would freely allow the roots to spread. The filling of those roots must be done with peat and soil, and other material which has a substantial amount of phosphate, which actually accelerates the development of roots. 

Some of the types of floribunda roses are: 
1. Always love you: They are deep yellow in color, with a petal count of about 25-30. Introduced in the year 2000, they are fragrant, and are Canadian grown.

2. Angel face: Mauve colored, they are very fragrant with a petal count of 30. They were introduced in 1969, and are disease resistant.

3. Anthony Meilland: They are medium yellow colored, and have little fragrance, with a petal count of 25-30.

4. Apricot nectar: They are apricot blend colored having fragrance, and were introduced in 1965. They are also Canadian growth and disease resistant.

5. Belinda's dream: They are mauve colored, with little fragrance. Introduced in 1992, their petal count is 45.

Origins of the Floribunda Rose

It was in the early twentieth century that the first floribundas were planted. It is considered that the floribunda grew out of a cross between a polyantha by the name of Mignonette and a tea rose named Souvenir de Mme. Savlayrolles. This was carried out by Peter Lambert in 1903 and it generated a type called Schneekopf. However formal hybridization as well as cultivating techniques were applied by Poulsen, Nicholas and Kordes.  

Several rose specialists are of the opinion that Eugene Boerner was the person responsible for the production of the floribunda. Throughout his 45 year long occupation at Jackson & Perkins, Boerner generated a huge number of floribundas. He started ion the year 1920 and thus came to be fondly called "Papa Floribunda". Vogue, Ivory Fashion, Apricot Nectar, and Gene Boerner, that was launched after his death, were the kinds of floribundas that he cultivated. Over 60 floribunda roses were cultivated by Gene Boerner throughout his life. Eleven roses among them received the All-America Rose Selections (AARS) award.  

It was J&P who grew to be the first marketable rose cultivator who assigned the name floribunda. However, in the beginning it was rejected by the American Rose Society. Much though the ARS insisted in naming this new species of roses " large-flowered hybrid polyanthas", J&P stuck to the name floribunda.

Bill Christensen, William Warriner, Jack Harkness, Sam McGredy, and Wilhelm Kordes are the present day cultivators and hybridizers of floribunda. 

Plentiful Flowering

This species of rose have several flowers. The distinct character of the floribundas is conferred on them by the sprays which are also called an inflorescence or candelabra. Surpassing the Showbiz (medium red, Tantau), Sexy Rexy (medium pink, McGredy) or Europeana (dark red, deRuiter) in their massive sprays of long living blossoms is a rather difficult task. Lavaglut (dark red, Kordes) has several tiny lacey blossoms that come in packs. Floribundas provide exquisite scenic value. The other types that provide plentiful blossoms are the Nicole and the fresh fabulous variety. Dicky (orange pink, Dickson) can generate a maximum of 36 sprays in one spring rotation. However in the fall bloom period it generates just a single flower in each stem. Different varieties of floribunda can be utilized as shrubs or just to accentuate the beauty of the surrounding area. Simplicity (medium pink, Warriner), or Iceberg (white, Kordes) are popular with all those who wish to have the perfect scenery around them.